Migrate from Heroku to Cloud 66
- About migrating from Heroku
- What server size do I need?
- Useful pointers
About migrating from Heroku
Migrating your application from Heroku to Cloud 66 involves deploying your code, importing your data and redirecting your traffic to the new endpoint.
What server size do I need?
Using Heroku, you can choose between 1X (512 MB), 2X (1 GB) and PX (6 GB) server sizes. This makes it easy to calculate your server requirements, and we recommend that you use similar server resources when deploying your stack with Cloud 66. We also recommend that you have a seperate server for your database in production environments.
Simply provide Cloud 66 the URL to your Git repository so that it can be analyzed. For more information, see Accessing your Git repository.
Once your code is deployed, it’s time to migrate your data across. The process differs for PostgreSQL and MySQL databases:
From your Heroku toolbelt, create a database backup URL by running
heroku pgbackups:url. Next, visit your stack detail page and click the Import Heroku data link. Paste the URL provided by the toolbelt into the field, and click Import Heroku data.
Start by dumping your existing database. Refer to the ClearDB documentation for common problems.
$ mysqldump -u [username] -p[password] [dbname] > backup.sql
Once you have a MySQL dump file, use the Cloud 66 toolbelt to upload the file to your stack database server. Remember to replace the fields below with your values.
$ cx upload -s "[stack_name]" --server [database_server_name] backup.sql /tmp/backup.sql
Next, use the toolbelt to SSH to your server.
$ cx ssh -s "[stack_name]" [server_first_name]
Finally, use the command below to import your backup into the database. You can find the generated username, password and database name by visting your stack detail page and clicking into your database server (eg. MySQL server).
$ mysql -u [generated_user_name] -p [generated_password] "[database_name]" < /tmp/backupfile.sql
Once you’re ready to serve traffic from your Cloud 66 stack, you need to redirect your traffic to it. For more information, see Configure your DNS.
Web server and Procfile
By default, Cloud 66 will deploy your stack with Phusion Passenger, but you can also choose a custom web server like Unicorn. You may have a
web entry in your Procfile to do this on Heroku. Cloud 66 ignores this entry to avoid compatability issues.
To run a custom web server, we require a
custom_web entry. It is important to set this before analyzing your stack, to avoid building the stack with Passenger.
You can also use the Procfile to define other background jobs.
Heroku restarts all dynos at 24 hours of uptime, which may conceal possible memory leaks in your application. When you migrate to Cloud 66, these will become noticeable because we don’t restart your workers (other than during a deployment), so the leak can grow to be bigger. A temporary solution is to re-create the Heroku restart behavior, for example with this script:
for OUTPUT in $(pgrep -f sidekiq); do kill -TERM $OUTPUT; done
This will send a TERM signal to any Sidekiq workers, giving them 10 seconds (by default) to finish gracefully. Any workers that don’t finish within this time period are forcefully terminated and their messages are sent back to Redis for future processing. You can customize this script to fit your needs, and add it to your stack as a shell add-in.
Note that this is a temporary solution, and we recommend that you use a server monitoring solution to identify the source of your leak.
Asset Pipeline Compilation
If you haven’t compiled assets locally, Heroku will attempt to run the assets:precompile task during slug compilation. Cloud 66 allows you to specify whether or not to run this during deployment.